COL Clyde R. Russell; COL Donald R. Blackburn; COL John K. “Jack” Singlaub; COL Stephen E. Cavanaugh; COL John F. “Skip” Sadler He also sought to convince Hanoi that he meant business. Further, in conjunction with planning cross-border missions, Larry Thorne flew as the observer for many intelligence gathering reconnaissance About SOG; SOG Chiefs. During the year, 454 reconnaissance operations were conducted in Cambodia. The unit was more concerned over Washington's continuous rejection of one of the original goals of the operation: the formation of a resistance movement by potential dissident elements in North Vietnam. It was also continuously tasked by the JCS with maintaining forces in readiness to once again take up northern operations if called upon to do so. SOG also broadcast "Radio Red Flag," programming purportedly directed by a group of dissident communist military officers also within the north.  The Ground Studies Group was disestablished and replaced by the Liaison Service Advisory Detachments.  One USAF helicopter pilot, two U.S. Navy SEALs, one U.S. Army medic, and nine Green Berets earned the nation's highest award on SOG operations: Twenty-two other members of the unit received the Distinguished Service Cross, the nation's second highest award for valor. The unit was downsized and renamed Strategic Technical Directorate Assistance Team 158 on 1 May 1972, to support the transfer of its work to the Strategic Technical Directorate of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam – part of the Vietnamization effort. During 1966, the Joint Personnel Recovery Center (JPRC) was established. In 1968, SOG recon teams conducted hundreds of missions gathering valuable intelligence but suffered 79 SF troops killed in action or missing. Yet both Commander in Chief, Pacific Command (CINCPAC) and he were well aware of the possible connections, at least insofar as they might have existed in the minds of the Hanoi leadership. 15 Mar 66; David Hugh Holmes, Cpt 0-3, Pilot, Belmont, Mass, USAF, FAC, MACSOG 32 (Air Studies Branch); Glenn David McElroy, LTC 0-5, USAF Sidney, IL and John Michael Nash, Cpt 0-3, USArmy 20TH ASTA DET, 17TH … Vietnam Journal tells the fictional adventures of war correspondent Scott "Journal" Neithammer. By 25 March, the South Vietnamese forces retreated. Straight news, without propaganda embellishment, was broadcast from South Vietnam via the Voice of Freedom, another SOG creation.. High Shining Brass - Kindle edition by Lomax, Don, Durand, Robert, Lomax, Don, Robins, Clem. During this period, Apple also published Lomax's four-issue limited series High Shining Brass, collecting the Vietnam War stories of Robert Durand. 127–137, U.S. Senate, 91st Congress, First Session 1970, U.S. Senate, 93rd Congress, First Session 1973, U.S. Senate, Committee on Veteran's Affairs 1979, MACV-SOG "Over the Fence" Uniform Article, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Military_Assistance_Command,_Vietnam_–_Studies_and_Observations_Group&oldid=994959836, Military units and formations of the United States in the Vietnam War, Military history of the United States during the Vietnam War, Special operations units and formations of the United States, Military units and formations established in 1964, Military units and formations disestablished in 1971, 1971 disestablishments in the United States, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2011, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Studies and Observations Group makes an appearance in, The Studies and Observations Group makes an appearance in the 2010, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 12:57. As with Tet, all of MACV-SOG/STD's efforts were concentrated on in-country missions to support the Field Forces. Vietnam Journal collections were published by … Johnson's announcement of the incidents involving the destroyers did not mention that SOG vessels had been conducting operations within the same geographic area as the Maddox immediately before, and during, that cruise. Full performances of every piece featured in our Shining Brass publications played on a Bb, Eb or F instrument can be downloaded below. Charles E. Schamel Center for Legislative Archives, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC. The recon teams (RTs) inserted into Cambodia faced even more restrictions than those in Laos. The 1988 book won the Pulitzer Prize for nonfiction. By 1970, they had created a layered and effective system, and SOG recon teams found their time on the ground both shortened and more dangerous. This command arrangement through SACSA also allowed tight control (up to the presidential level) of the scope and scale of the organization's operations. In 1970, he saw an opportunity to buy time for the Saigon government during Vietnamization, the phased withdrawal of U.S. troops that began in the previous year.  The Joint Chiefs decided in favor of MACV-SOG, since it had already successfully conducted covert cross-border operations. Download the Shining Brass, Book 2 Part for Bb Tuba; Audio downloads. :123–4 William H. Sullivan, U.S. Thorne’s last action occurred on Oct. 18, 1965, during the secret Operation Shining Brass in Laos. U.S. Senate, Records of Senate Subcommittee on POW/MIA Affairs. 1969 saw the apogee of the bombing campaign, when 433,000 tons of bombs were dropped on Laos. By 1969, the North Vietnamese had also worked out their doctrine and techniques for dealing with the recon teams. The teams, usually three Americans and three to 12 indigenous mercenaries, were launched from Forward Operating Bases (FOBs) in the border areas (originally at Kham Duc, Kontum, and Khe Sanh). Operational control of Sigma and Omega was eventually handed over to SOG. b At this point the mission of the Special Forces was the conduct of guerrilla operations behind enemy lines in the event of an invasion by conventional forces, not in the conduct of agent, maritime, or psychological operations. On the afternoon of 2 August, three P 4-class torpedo boats of the Vietnam People's Navy came out from Hon Me and attacked the Maddox.  With intelligence on communist Base Areas in eastern Cambodia gleaned from MACV-SOG, huge stockpiles of PAVN arms, ammunition, and supplies were overrun and captured. The teams were to rely on stealth and were usually smaller in size than those that operated in Laos. To save a file, right-click on the link text and select 'Save Target As'/'Save Link As'. Free shipping for many products! The following missions were plagued with difficulties, but, after additional training, the team's performance improved dramatically.. Recon teams conducted diversionary operations prior to the invasion and helped cover the South Vietnamese withdrawal, but they were otherwise forbidden from participation in the very operation that both MACV-SOG and MACV had come to consider its raison d'etre.. Teams also received rewards including free R&R trips to Taiwan or Thailand aboard a SOG C-130 blackbird, a $100 bonus for each American, a new Seiko watch and cash to each indigenous member. Maritime operations against the coast of North Vietnam picked up after the delivery of Norwegian-built "Nasty" Class Fast Patrol Boats to the unit, but these operations also fell short of expectations.  More specific was the release of documents dealing with the early days of the operation in the Pentagon Papers and by the testimony of ex-SOG personnel during congressional investigations into the bombing campaigns in Laos and Cambodia in the early 1970s.  This the unit did until its disbandment on 12 March 1973. These agent operations and propaganda efforts were supported by SOG's air arm, the First Flight Detachment. " The ambassador responded in kind. Others, however, laid more of the blame on the operational ineptitude of SOG, which simply continued to repeat a failed formula.  The South Vietnamese General Staff, strapped for cash and equipment in the final stand-down period, never used the STD in a strategic reconnaissance role. Lomax has four children. About SOG; SOG Chiefs. In May, Operation Freedom Deal, a continuous aerial campaign against the PAVN/Viet Cong and the Khmer Rouge was initiated. Shining Brass…  Historians interested in the unit's activities had to wait until the early 1990s, when MACV-SOG's Annexes to the annual MACV Command Histories and a Pentagon documentation study of the organization were declassified for the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs' hearings on the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue. On 18 October 1965, as part of the operation Shining Brass, Thorne was supervising the first clandestine mission to locate Viet Cong turnaround points along the Ho … The second incident, in which Maddox and Turner Joy were claimed to be attacked, never took place. Missions into North Vietnam were initiated as early as I February 1964 under Operation Plan 34A. MACV-SOG reconnaissance teams were also bolstered by the creation of exploitation forces, which could either support the teams in time of need, or launch their own raids against the trail. During the period 1960–1968 both the CIA and MACV-SOG dispatched 456 South Vietnamese agents to their deaths or long incarcerations in northern prisons.  first Shining Brass mission was that "they were looking for a crashed US Air Force C-123 cargo aircraft that was lost near the South Vietnamese/Lao border." Lomax has four children.  The operational elements had already been absorbed and were expanded by the inclusion of troops from the now-disbanded South Vietnamese Special Forces. Download the Shining Brass, Book 2 Part for Bb Tuba; Audio downloads. 21–81, MACV Command History 1965, Annex N, N–VIII–4, MACSOG Documentation Study, Appendix D, p. 11–15, MACV Command History 1965, Annex N, N–VIII–8, MACV Command History 1966, Annex M, M–III–2–2, MACV Command History 1966, Annex M, M-I–A–1, MACSOG Documentation Study, Annex H to Appendix C, p. 11, Annex G to MACV Command History, 1967, G–IV–4, MACSOG Documentation Study, Appendix C, pp. 99–100, MACSOG Documentation Study, Appendix C, p. 79, MACSOG Documentation Study, Appendix D, p. 96, Annex F to MACV Command History, 1969, p. 77, MACSOG Documentation Study, Appendix E, p. 50, MACV Command History, 1970, Annex B, p. 20, MACV Command History 1970, Annex B, pp. After a slow initial start, the first agent team was recovered from the north. By 1971 the U.S. was steadily withdrawing from Southeast Asia. Start by squeezing the juice from half of a lemon into a bowl. Operation SHINING BRASS. By early 1972 U.S. military personnel were forbidden from conducting operations in either Laos or Cambodia, its teams of mercenary SCUs continued those operations (in the newly renamed Phu Dung/Prairie Fire and Thot Not/Salem House areas). Never happy with its long-term agent operations in North Vietnam, SOG decided to initiate a new program whose missions would be shorter in duration, conducted closer to South Vietnam, and carried out by smaller teams. Established on 24 January 1964, the unit conducted strategic reconnaissance missions in the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), Laos, and Cambodia; carried out the capture of enemy prisoners, rescued downed pilots, conducted rescue operations to retrieve prisoners of war throughout Southeast Asia, and conducted clandestine agent team activities and psychological operations. Johnson attempted to get Hanoi to reopen peace negotiations and the carrot he offered was the cessation of all U.S. operations against North Vietnam north of the 20th parallel. MACV had sought authority for the launching of such missions (Operation Shining Brass ) since 1964 in an attempt to put boots on the ground in a reconnaissance role to observe, first hand, the enemy logistical system known as the. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for High Shining Brass #s: 1,2,4 (Apple, 1990) American spy in Vietnam story at the best online prices at eBay! The Vietnam Veterans Memorial and … The unit consisted of four heavily modified C-123 Provider aircraft flown by Nationalist Chinese aircrews in SOG's employ. On 21 September 1965, the Pentagon authorized MACV-SOG to begin cross-border operations in Laos in areas contiguous to South Vietnam's western border. In addition to VIETNAM JOURNAL, Lomax contributed stories to TWO-FISTED TALES, created the mini-series HIGH SHINING BRASS about covert operations in Vietnam, and was also the the writer for 'THE NAM and THE PUNISHER for Marvel Comics. His account of the Vietnam War, “A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam,” took him 15 years to write. After a two-week stay, the fishermen were returned to northern waters. Both routinely operated inside Laos, but both also managed to keep their operations out of sight due to Lao's supposed neutrality pursuant to the 1962 International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos. Some American writers on the subject (including many ex-SOG personnel) blamed the failure of the operations on the penetration of the unit by enemy spies – a claim not entirely unsupported by facts. Supplies and reinforcements were requested, parachuted in to the requesting team's location, and were likewise captured. The unit's naval arm picked up northern fishermen during searches of coastal vessels and detained them on Cu Lao Cham Island off Da Nang, South Vietnam (the fishermen were told that they were, in fact, still within their homeland). 15–17, USMACV Strategic Technical Directorate Assistance Team – 158 Command History, 1 May 1972 – March 1973, pp. During 1966 and 1967, it became obvious to MACV that the North Vietnamese were using neutral Cambodia as a part of their logistical system, funneling men and supplies to the southernmost seat of battle. For most of the year MACV-SOG's operations centered around in-country missions in support of field forces.  These events were not disclosed until the publication of the Pentagon Papers in 1970. U.S. participation in Cambodian operations (which were already being turned over to all-Vietnamese teams) ended on 1 July 1970 and the same stipulation was to apply in Laos no later than 8 February 1971 (the only qualifications to the restrictions, in both operational areas, were in case of either POW rescue missions or aircraft crash site inspections). Although the Tet Offensive was contained and rolled back, and significant casualties were inflicted upon the enemy, the mood of the American people and government had turned irrevocably against an open-ended commitment by the United States. The American withdrawal from South Vietnam began to directly affect SOG in 1971. MACV, through the Seventh Air Force, had begun carryi… Hanoi was interested in Laos due only to the necessity of keeping its supply corridor to the south open. Vietnam Journal collections were published by …  These included Maritime Operations (OPS-31), which continued harassment raids and support for psychological operations (via kidnapped fishermen); Airborne Operations (OPS-34), which continued to insert agent teams and supplies into the north; Psychological Operations (OPS-33), which continued its "black" radio broadcasts, leaflet and gift kit drops, and running the operation at Cu Lao Cham; the revised Shining Brass program; and Air Operations (OPS-32), which supported the others and provided logistical airlift.  The final casualty of SOG ground operations occurred on 11 October 1971 when Sergeant First Class Audley D. Mills was killed when a booby-trap he was trying to disarm detonated.  Washington's stated goal in the conflict was a free and viable South Vietnam, not the overthrow of the Hanoi regime. I first reported on the anti-brass shining stance of the National Park Service after Memorial Day 2009. , The security apparatus of North Vietnam had decades in which to learn to cope with not only the CIA's program, but with the unconventional and covert operations of its French predecessors. On 21 September 1965 the Pentagon authorized MACSOG to begin cross-border operations within Laos in areas contiguous to the South Vietnam's western border. Similar operations had originally been under the purview of the CIA, which had carried out the emplacement of agent teams in North Vietnam using airdrops and over-the-beach insertions. President Johnson sought a way out of the commitment that he had originally escalated. In January 1973, President Nixon ordered a halt to all U.S. combat operations in South Vietnam and, on the 27th of that month, the Paris Peace Accords were signed by the belligerent powers in Paris. The Laotian cross-border effort was renamed Prairie Fire and it was combined with Daniel Boone in the newly created Ground Studies Group (OPS-35). Thorne’s last action occurred on Oct. 18, 1965, during the secret Operation Shining Brass in Laos. Both SOG and the 5th Special Forces Group had been preparing for just such an eventuality. The following afternoon, the destroyer USS Maddox began an electronic intelligence-gathering mission along the coast of North Vietnam, in the Gulf of Tonkin. Fighting that once was seasonal became continuous and conventional. When confronted by Senator Wayne Morse (who had discovered the existence of SOG's 34-Alpha raids), McNamara lied to him, stating, "Our Navy played absolutely no part in, was not associated with, and was not aware of any South Vietnamese actions." North Vietnamese security forces simply captured a team, turned its radio operator, and continued to broadcast as though nothing had happened. Both stations were equally adamant in their condemnations of the PRC, the South and North Vietnamese regimes, and the U.S. and called for a return to traditional Vietnamese values. There were 1,041 Army, 476 Air Force, 17 Marine Corps, and seven CIA personnel assigned to those units. Further information on the origins of the Southeast Asian conflict: Further information on the communist logistical system in Laos: Further information on the communist logistical system in Cambodia: Further information on the struggle in I Corps: Further information on the NVA/VC offensive: Further information on the aerial interdiction effort in southeastern Laos: Further information on the electronic sensor system: Further information on the conflict in Cambodia: Further information on the conflict in Laos: Further information on the U.S./ARVN incursion: Further information on the ARVN incursion in Laos: Further information on the PAVN offensive of 1972: Further information on the U.S. aerial campaign: Further information on the U.S. aerial offensive of December 1972: Further information on the final NVA offensive of 1975: harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPlaster1997 (. By Lomax, Don, Durand, Robert, Lomax, Don, Durand,,! 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